Here I have included a brief description of my (still-in-progress) dissertation as well as a list of refereed and non-refereed publications. I have also listed my conference papers–some are related to my dissertation, while others represent stand-alone projects. If you cannot access any of the publications but would like to do so, please let me know.


  • Settlers, Elites, and the Standing Army in America’s Indian Wars, 1783 – 1890
    • Settler colonialism shaped many modern states, and this process often involved settlers attempting to capture the state for their own purposes. Indeed, in many of America’s so-called Indian Wars, U.S. settlers were the ones to initiate conflict, and they eventually brought federal officials into wars that the elites would have preferred to avoid. I develop a theory explaining settler success (and sometimes failure) in doing so. In particular, I focus on the ways in which the settlers’ two faits accomplis—both the act of settling on disputed territory without authorization and the act of initiating violent conflict with Native nations—affected federal decision-making by putting pressure on speculators and local elites to lobby federal officials for military intervention, by causing federal officials to fear that settlers would create their own states or ally with foreign powers, and by eroding the credibility of U.S. commitments to Native nations. All of this, moreover, was made possible by the federal government’s commitment to a very small standing army. To adjudicate between my proposed explanation and plausible alternatives, I identify several observable implications across which the explanations can be compared, and I examine three “least-similar” cases—the Northwest Indian War (1790-1795), the Second Seminole War (1835-1842), and Utah’s Black Hawk War (1865-1872). I conduct process tracing in each case, for which I rely on records of Congressional debates, archival documents, and interviews with enrolled members of relevant tribes. Through this project I shed light on the ways in which civilians can shape the foreign policy agenda.

Refereed Publications

  • (with Matthew E. Carnes) “Assessing an Undergraduate Curriculum: The Evolving Roles of Subfields, Methods, Ethics, and Writing for Government Majors,” PS: Political Science and Politics 50, No. 1 (January 2018): 178-182. <>
  • “The Soldier and the Turkish State: Toward a General Theory of Civil-Military Relations,” Perceptions 19, No. 2 (2014): 139-158. <>

Manuscripts under Review at Refereed Journals

  • “Do Accidental Wars Happen? Evidence From America’s Indian Wars” – Submitted to the Journal of Global Security Studies in mid-April 2019; received a revise-and-resubmit decision in mid-July 2019. (Initial submission available here.)
  • “Bringing the Rise of the United States into ‘Introduction to International Relations’” – Submitted to the Journal of Political Science Education in early August 2019; currently under review. (Initial submission available here.)

Other Publications

  • “Bringing Indigenous Experiences into International Relations,” guest blog post, The Duck of Minerva (September 12, 2019; based in part on a working paper available here).
  • Review of Cult of the Irrelevant: The Waning Influence of Social Science on National Security by Michael C. Desch, The Online Library of Law and Liberty (June 24, 2019). <>
  • “Syria, Afghanistan, and the Lessons of the Indian Wars,” op-ed, Indian Country Today (February 11, 2019). <>
  • Review of American Power and Liberal Order: A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy by Paul D. Miller, The Online Library of Law and Liberty (July 10, 2018). <>
  • (with Ariya Hagh and Laila Wahedi) “Revisiting Trump’s Challenges to Doctoral Students: A Round of Trump Bingo,” guest blog post, The Duck of Minerva, March 8, 2017. <>
  • (with Ariya Hagh and Laila Wahedi) “Being a Doctoral Student in the Time of Trump: Six Challenges,” guest blog post, The Duck of Minerva, December 6, 2016. <>
  • Review of Maxwell’s Demon and the Golden Apple: Global Discord in the New Millennium by Randall Schweller, War on the Rocks, June 4, 2014. <>
  • Review of Turkey and the Arab Spring: Leadership in the Middle East by Graham E. Fuller, Insight Turkey 16, No. 3 (2014): 225-226. <>


  • “Settlers, Elites, and Shawnee: On the Origins of the Northwest Indian War”
    • Invited presentation for the Cultural Center of the Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
  • “Settlers, Elites, and the Standing Army in the Second Seminole War”
    • James A. Barnes Club Graduate Student History Conference.
  • “Bringing American Indian Experiences In: Toward a Research Agenda for IR”
    • ISA-Northeast Annual Conference (2018)
    • NPSA Annual Conference (2018)
  • “‘A Subject of Embarrassment and Expense’: Settlers, Elites, and America’s Indian Wars”
    • APSA Annual Meeting (2018)
  • “Constructing Commitment Problems: The Social Origins of America’s Indian Wars”
    • ISSS-ISAC Annual Conference (2017)
    • ISA-South Annual Conference (2017)
    • ISA-Northeast Annual Conference (2017)
    • NPSA Annual Conference (2017)
  • “Human Nature in American Foreign Policy”
    • APSA Annual Meeting (2017)
  • (with Ariya Hagh) “Complexity, Creativity, and Interdisciplinarity in International Relations”
    • ISA-Northeast Annual Conference (2016)
  • “Human Nature, Models of Man, and the World State: On the Ontological Foundations of International Relations Theory”
    • ISA-Northeast Annual Conference (2015)